Improve Energy Efficiency development within services sector
The tertiary (or ‘services’) sector includes activities related to trade, finance, real estate, hospitality, health, education and commercial services. Since 2003, the Energy Intensity (EI) in the final consumption has experienced a significant reduction. Looking specifically at the tertiary sector, energy consumption in the tertiary sector increased significantly in the early 2000s, and was then rather stable until 2008. In 2009, it decreased by 2.3% because of the economic downturn.
The decrease in energy use per employee (-3% since 2000) is in strong contrast with the substantial increase in electricity consumption per employee (+16%), which is mostly due to the diffusion of cooling in summer (all Southern countries) or to strong economic growth (eastern European countries) and a large diffusion of IT appliances.
However, for countries with a sustained high level of economic welfare, the electricity consumption per employee is either stable or even decreasing. This could signal that electricity use reaches a saturation level. The energy consumption of services increased by 11 Mtoe from 2000 to 2011 in Europe and the increase of the value added contributed to raise consumption by 34 Mtoe.
The data shows that there is a significant space for improvement in EE development in Europe within the services sector, having into account the electricity consumption increase of the last years, especially in the Southern countries.